The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) makes more than 30,000 drug-related arrests every year. Drug-related activities are serious federal and state crimes. These activities include simple possession, possession with intent, sale of a controlled substance, drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, and drug conspiracy. Punishment for those convicted can include mandatory sentence, steep fines, and possibly many hours of community service, among others. A mandatory sentence is a penalty that a court must hand down to a person convicted of an offense. Felony offenses, under state law, for example, are punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of at least one year imprisonment. Class A felonies, which are the most serious, carry a minimum of 15 years jail time. Mandatory minimum sentences, however, may be increased due to certain factors, such as prior convictions and aggravating factors.
Two specific arrests frequently made by state and federal arresting officers are simple possession of illegal drugs and possession with intent. Simple possession alleges that an individual possesses a controlled substance for his/her own personal use (illegal or controlled substance includes cocaine, heroin, marijuana and ecstasy). Heroin, marijuana and ecstasy are Schedule I drugs or drugs with no currently accepted medical use and which have a high potential for abuse; cocaine, on the other hand, is a Schedule II drug or a type of illegal drug that also has a high potential for abuse; use of drugs under this category can potentially lead to severe psychological or physical dependence too.
Possession with intent is an activity that is more serious than simple possession. It alleges that a person who possesses illegal drugs has intent to sell, distribute, deliver, or even manufacture a controlled substance since the amount of drugs that he/she possesses is obviously too much for any one person to use. Besides possession of an amount of drugs to much for one’s own use, the presence of some items, like sand/mall plastic bags, containers, or scales are also more likely indicative of a possessor’s intent to sell. A simple possession may only be a misdemeanor; possession with intent, though, is always considered by state and federal authorities as a felony.
While it is only right to catch and punish those involved in drug crimes and drug-related activities, there is the unfortunate reality of innocent people being made to suffer years of jail term due to wrong conviction. This can be due to:
Systemic bias, or institutional bias. This refers to an inherent tendency to support particular outcomes (such as excluding black jurors from cases involving African Americans);
“Tunnel vision” or confirmation bias.” This involves forming an initial impression about one person’s guilt, and then tunneling or focusing on proving that person’s guilt while overlooking exculpatory information and other suspects; and,
Plea bargaining. This is a case wherein an accused confesses to a crime that he/she did not commit in exchange for a minimum sentence for the offense he/she is being charged with. While a plea bargain would save a person from a lengthy time in jail, it also forgoes the necessity of a trial wherein he/she can prove his/her innocence.
Unlike the state system, many federal charges for possession with the intent to distribute can be punished by life sentences. As unlikely as it may be to actually get a life sentence in some cases, the fact that it is even within the realm of possibility should motivate you to do everything you can to protect yourself during the coming legal process. Aside from the prison terms that can be handed down in some cases, the federal courts have the power to level multi-million dollar fines against you if you are convicted. When these charges are considered to be second or even third offenses, their potential penalties are significantly increased; in fact, every third offense on these charges is punishable only by a life sentence.
Despite calls upon state and federal lawmakers to ease sentencing guidelines for drug crimes, the fact remains that a conviction at the state level and especially at the federal level can dramatically change your life. That being said, if you have been arrested for selling drugs and charged with a serious drug offense, you will need to do everything in your power to defend your rights and to protect your future from the consequences of a conviction. Reaching out to a seasoned drug crime defense attorney as soon after your arrest as you are able, may just be the key to defending your rights and saving yourself from a conviction.
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To commit fraudulence against the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is a federal offense that could mean more than just jail time and a hefty fine to the United States government. A criminal conviction on this scale could be catastrophic for the availability of opportunities in any circle – educational, professional, and even social. Even the allegation can be enough to hurt your reputation.
So what can you do if the IRS has placed a case of tax fraud against you? Well, the most recommended course of action is to contact a professional white collar criminal defense attorney as soon as possible; it must become your first priority to be represented by someone who is experienced in the field so that your moves and case can be proceeded in an informed, careful manner. You never know when something you say or do could incriminate you without meaning to.
If you have been charged with tax fraud or tax evasion, there is every chance that you have already been monitored for quite a while, according to the information stated on the website of the lawyers with Kohler Hart Powell, SC. Some are even audited in their place of business in order to check previous account entries in order to be certain of how much was evaded or fraudulently documented (i.e. personal expenses claimed as business expenses).
This can be a difficult, stressful time and it is important that the law is utilized in such a way that it upholds both sides of the argument with objective equality, without malicious influence or prejudice that may be present. Legal proceedings such as this are undoubtedly complicated, which is why legal help should be sought as early on as possible.
Every little thing can matter – this is no time for rookie mistakes as tax fraud is a very serious felony.
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Walking your dog can be a hassle, but it shouldn’t be. It should be an activity where you and your buddy can have fun while enjoying the benefits of dog walking. Below are just some of the benefits of dog walking to your dog and to you.
This is one of the most obvious benefits of dog walking. It keeps not just your dog in top shape, but also yourself. It keeps both of you from obesity and other health conditions that may have negative effects on the body.
Walking can also be a form of exercise if done with enough effort and time, giving you and your dog less problems that are associated with lack of physical activity, such as feelings of weakness, digestion issues, and sleeping problems.
No more energy issues
Some dog breeds really require more physical activity compared to others. If your dog has no way to expend its extra energy, it may resort to behaviors you would not like, such as knocking over household items, chewing on soft furniture, digging on yards, and hyperactivity.
Giving them a way to use up their energy, such as the case for walking, will help them relax and be more behave. This also prevents hard feelings between you and your dog, which can occur if you react violently toward your dog’s destructive behaviors.
Doing activities together, such as walking, also forms better relationships. Having a more solid relationship with your dog will form more trust and love between you two, making each other a lot happier.
With no destructive behaviors and attention-seeking gestures such as excessive barking, you will also have less reason and instances where you can get annoyed and do something reckless to your dog.
These benefits should be enough reasons for you to take your buddy out for a little quality time. With better health, less energy issues, and a more solid relationship, you will appreciate your dog even more. But there are times where you do not have enough time to walk your dog yourself, so it may be best to get someone else to do it for you, like those from Walk! ATX.
But at the end of the day, it is better to walk your dog by yourself, because you will not be able to get the benefit of better relationships if you rely on someone else to do it for you. To maximize the benefits of dog walking, you and your dog should both make the effort.
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Prosecutors take drug crimes seriously and will often pursue the harshest sentences available in the law against anyone they suspect of committing a drug-related offense. Bearing that in mind, you will need to do everything you can to defend your rights and to protect your future throughout the coming legal process.
According to the website of the Nashville criminal attorneys at Horst Law, if you’re facing drug crime allegations, you will need to develop a comprehensive legal strategy to defend your freedoms and protect your rights in and out of court. Some of the reasons a person may find themselves in trouble with the law on drug-related matters include:
- Marijuana Possession
- Cocaine Possession
- Heroin Possession
- Methamphetamine Possession
- Controlled Substance/Drug Possession
- Controlled Substance/Drug Sales
- Controlled Substance/Drug Manufacturing / Delivery
- Controlled Substance/Drug Traffic / Distribution
- Controlled Substance/Drug Paraphernalia
- Controlled Substance/Drug Importation
Though your charges are serious, you need to remember that you will still have the opportunity to defend yourself. Whatever your circumstances, it will be in your best interests to start understanding exactly what you’re up against in order to better defend yourself. These are serious matters that are nothing to be trifled with.
If you or someone you love has been charged with an offense related to a controlled substance or drug, you should strive to understand what your options are to defend yourself from the severe penalties that come with drug crime convictions. There are many valid ways a person can defend themselves, so be sure to see if you can apply some such defense to your benefit.
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The last place an elderly or senior citizen would want to be in is a nursing home. Counting down to the end of their lives, they would want to spend it with their loved ones. Unfortunately, they cannot get what they want all the time and end up in nursing homes. For the relatives of the elderly, they send their senior member of the family in such facilities with the belief that their relative would be cared for. The sad news is that this is not happening as some elderly becomes victims of nursing home abuse.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that more than 500,000 senior citizens are victims of abuse or neglect every year. According to the website of Bruner Law Firm, nursing home abuse or neglect can result to injuries or damages. So how do you know if your relative is a victim of nursing home abuse or neglect? Here are some signs you need to watch out for:
1. Poor Personal Hygiene
Residents of the nursing home should be assisted with basic personal hygiene. Some old people will need help with dressing up, brushing their teeth, clipping their nails, taking a bath, combing their hair, and others. When neglected, the elderly will do things on their own which they are not capable of.
2. Unsanitary living conditions
Not having safe and sanitary living conditions is also a sign of nursing home neglect. Federal Law requires nursing homes to have an established infection control program in order to provide a sanitary and comfortable environment.
3. Lack of Nutrition
This is one of the main is
sues affecting the elderly in nursing home facilities. According to recent studies by the National Center for Biotechnology Information, 20 percent of international nursing home residents suffered from some form of malnutrition.
4. Lack of Mobility
This is one of the challenges faced by residents of these facilities. A good nursing home should provide the elderly with enough room to move around, exercise, or stay active as much as possible. A neglected resident is often left in bed for a long period of time.
5. Unexplained Injuries
Broken bones, bruises, or head injuries indicate nursing home abuse or neglect. When they do not immediately get what they need, the elderly will try to get it on their own. If they walk unassisted, it could result to a fall or other preventable injuries. Figures from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that about 1,800 adults in nursing homes die from fall-related injuries.
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Neglect can be a serious sign of negligence on the part of the facility. Knowing the signs of abuse and neglect can make a difference in protecting your loved ones.